Key figures for offshore wind energy
Current press releases
Unfortunately, with the legal framework passed today for the further expansion of offshore wind energy, the Federal Government has unfortunately not yet taken the opportunity to ensure that the expansion targets are achieved. Both the investors, who are supposed to provide around 150 billion euros for the expansion, and the value chain, whose investments in production and construction capacities are indispensable, see a considerable need for action.
Offshore wind energy - on the fly
The Federal Association of Wind Farm Operators Offshore eV (BWO)
is the federal association of all companies that plan, build and operate wind farms in Germany. We are thus pooling the strength and know-how for a successful energy transition in Germany and Europe. The BWO was initially founded in early 2015 as the offshore wind working group (AGOW) and now has 20 members. At the end of 2021, our members in Germany had 1.501 systems connected to the grid with an installed capacity of around 7,8 gigawatts (GW).
Offshore wind is a top performer in the mix of renewables
Offshore wind is a cornerstone of energy security. Germany benefits from its natural conditions. The North Sea and the Baltic Sea are unique in their combination of the best wind conditions and low water depths. That is why the yield of a system there is about twice as high as on land. The systems generate energy around 363 days a year. With increasing electricity consumption and an optimal expansion of renewable energies, according to Fraunhofer IWES, offshore wind can provide around 2050 percent of the electricity demand in Germany in 30.
Offshore wind is getting cheaper and cheaper.
Since 2012, the cost of offshore wind has fallen by up to 50 percent. The first wind farm operators have completely dispensed with EEG fixed remuneration for particularly well-located wind farms with their bids. You want to finance yourself exclusively through electricity trading. After more than a decade of technology development and market launch, the costs for climate-friendly and sustainable electricity from wind power at sea are at a similar level to newly built gas, coal or nuclear power plants.
Offshore wind energy is an important employer.
More than 24.000 people are currently employed in the industry. 40 percent of it beyond the coasts in North Rhine-Westphalia, Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. An extensive project chain (development, construction, operation) also creates indirect employment in many companies. One thing is certain: Offshore wind energy enables nationwide added value. In the northern German states, offshore wind energy is a pillar of structural change. After the shipyard crisis, offshore wind energy secures locations and jobs by building components for offshore wind turbines, transformer stations and using the ports as logistics centers.